Newton's First Law (Inertia) 5-E Inquiry Lab


Use this 5-E inquiry activity to connect with your students as you teach them about the concept of INERTIA and Newton’s 1st Law of Motion!

5 pages – 2 MB – PDF


Need a fun and engaging way to introduce your students to the concept of INERTIA? Use this 5-E inquiry activity to connect with your students as you teach them about the concept of INERTIA and Newton’s 1st Law of Motion! This lab is a GREAT way to introduce Newton’s laws or it can be used as reinforcement for previously taught content.

This activity follows the 5-E model and begins with an engaging “hook” followed by an exploration activity where students DISCOVER inertial effects. Next, students will explain their observations via illustrations before completing an extension activity that will link to a “real world” situation. To assess students’ understanding of motion, I have included an evaluation section where students explain their discoveries from the lesson.


Included in this resource:

⭐5-page student instruction/lab sheet with inquiry questions (follows 5-E model)

⭐Complete answer key

⭐Pictures (for easy set up)

⭐Teacher Instruction Page


Concepts Covered:



★Newton’s 1st Law of Motion


★Balanced vs Unbalanced forces



★Net Force


You may also be interested in these Force & Motion resources:

FORCES Close Reading Packet (Print & Digital for Distance Learning)

Force & Motion Scavenger Hunt Activity

Force and Motion STEM Project (Roller Coaster)

Force and Motion: Pumpkin Chunkin STEM Activity

Forces Review Maze worksheet [Print & Digital for Distance Learning]

Forces Task Cards and Station Activity

Newton’s Laws of Motion Task Cards (Physical Science)

Newton’s Laws of Motion Worksheet


Additional information

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Newton's First Law (Inertia) 5-E Inquiry Lab